Gutchess Lumber ensures it provides the best-of-the-best hardwood species. Each of our hardwood species is native to the northeast United States so that we are able to control the process from harvest to order fulfillment, while keeping our operations sustainable by only harvesting within 150-miles of each of our 7 locations.
American Basswood (Tilia americana) grows between 50 feet and 80 feet in height with a 30 foot to 50 foot spread. American Basswood wood is pale white to light brown in color with a straight, fine grain pattern. Basswood lumber is otherwise known as American Basswood, Lime and Linden.
The Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) can grow between 25 feet and 110 feet in height, though the more common height range is between 50 feet and 60 feet. Due to its malleability though various growing conditions, as well as the wide distribution of the seeds of its fruit by birds, the Black Cherry has always been in abundance in North America. Black Cherry wood features a fine, straight grain with the exception of figured pieces with curly grain patterns, or when defects from pith, mineral deposits, gum pockets and knots arise. Black Cherry hardwood endgrain features small to medium pores with random arragement. Black Cherry wood growth rings are generall distinct. Black Cherry lumber features a light pink-brown color to medium reddish brown color.
Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) grows between 75 feet and 130 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 2 feet to 3 feet. Black Walnut trees are also known by the names of American Black Walnut and American Walnut, or simply as Walnut. The Black Walnut hardwood bark is dark gray to brown in color with deep ridges that create a distinctive bark pattern.
Hard Maple wood hails from the Sugar Maple tree (Acer saccharum). This maple hardwood species grows to a height of 50 feet to 80 feet and is abundant throughout the Northeastern and Southern United States and Northeastern Canada. Hard Maple wood features a fine, even textured grain that is generally straight but may be wavy. The color of Hard Maple wood ranges from white, to cream to reddish or golden hued.
Hard Maple hardness is ranked on the Janka Hardness Scale at 1,450 lbf.
Hickory lumber (Carya ovata) is native to the Eastern United States and commonly known as Shagbark Hickory. Hickory trees grow to heights of 65 feet to 100 feet with trunks growing to 1 foot to 2 feet in diameter. With a Janka Hardness ranking of 1,880 lbf, Hickory wood strength is comparable to that of White Oak wood or Hard Maple wood, with great strength and shock resistance. Hickory wood lumber heartwood features light to medium brown with red undertones while the sapwood is pale, yellowish brown. Hickory wood grain is generally straight with occasional waves and a medium texture.
Hickory boards with a rustic hickory appearance, created with heartwood and sapwood on the same board is often sold as Calico Hickory.
The Red Oak tree can grow up to 24 inches per year and reach a mature height of 60 feet to 90 feet. Red Oak lumber features a coarse, uneven, straight grain with large pores. Red Oak wood color ranges from light to medium brown with red undertones.
White Ash (Frazinus americana) grows to heights of 80 feet with a crown that spreads over 50 feet wide, though larger trees are not uncommon. White Ash wood has a medium to coarse texture that is almost always straight and regular, though some curly or figured boards may appear. White Ash lumber is light to medium brown in color.
Poplar lumber (Liriodendron tulipifera) is a substantial species, growing to heights of 130 feet to 160 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 6 feet to 8 feet. Contrastly to its imposing size, poplar lumber is a very low density. Poplar is a hardwood, albeit a soft one with a Janka Hardness rating of 540 lbf. Poplar wood color features a light cream to yellow brown heartwood and pale yellow to white sapwood along with a straight, uniform grain.
The Poplar tree, also known as the Yellow Poplar and the Tulip Poplar is Native to the Eastern United States though there are several poplar types worldwide.
Red Maple (Acer rubrum) grows between 30 feet to 100 feet in height in its native area of the Eastern United States and Canada. Red Maple trees were dubbed for their red leaves in the autumn, but it is also known as the Scarlet Maple, the Soft Maple, the Drummond Red Maple, the Carolina Red Maple, the Swamp Maple, the Trident Maple and the Water maple.
White Oak (Quercus alba) tree growth is native to the eastern United States, though the White Oak tree can withstand a wide variety of climate conditions throughout various regions. Depending on its area of growth, the White Oak tree will thrive best under a variety of temperatures, annual percipitation levels and relative humidity levels. White Oak trees can grow as large as 100 feet tall and reach a mature age within 20-years. The color of White Oak lumber can be described as being similar to wheat in color with cool undertones. White Oak wood features a very mild, straight grain pattern that is percieved as having a coarse, uneven texture even when planed.
White Oak wood is an extrodinarily durable wood type, with incredible water resistant properties. White Oak wood pores are plugged by tyloses, making it harder for water to cause decay and rot. These natural water proofing properties are the reason White Oak has historically been the wood of choice for ship building.
Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is native Northeastern North America and grows to heights of 65 feet to 100 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet to 3 feet. Yellow Birch lumber features light, red-brown heartwood with nearly white sapwood. Yellow Birch wood grain is generally straight with fine, even texture. Yellow Birch hardness is notable with a 1,260 lbf Janka Harness rating.